Mutual assistance agreements and other types of assistance agreements facilitate the rapid sharing of emergency aid and resources between governments and organizations at all levels. These can include existing agreements, such as the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC), or the creation of new tools to deal with emerging events or parts outside of existing compacts. Depending on the nature and extent of an agreement, the laws of a state may govern the formation and operation of the mutual assistance agreement. (Download a printable PDF.) Mutual assistance agreements (MAA) and other types of assistance agreements before, during and after an emergency meeting facilitate the rapid mobilization of personnel, equipment and stocks. Agreements can be concluded at several levels: between public and local authorities; between a state and localities in the state; between two or more states in a region; between states and tribes; internationally between states and neighbouring jurisdictions in Canada or Mexico. MAAS can also exist among a wide range of types of organizations, including governments, non-profit organizations and private companies. Agreements can range in the form of formal pacts introduced into law by a state legislator, up to informal declarations of intent explaining how public and private resources provide assistance within a given community. Emergency maas generally deal with emergency management, fire, enforcement and medical problems, although they can address other issues (see below). Participation in AMMs is seen as an important component of the Federal National Incident Management System (NIMS), which aims to provide a systematic approach to helping governments at all levels, non-governmental organizations and the private sector conduct collaborative emergency preparedness and response activities.1 If local authorities and public authorities are overwhelmed by major incidents, , what program can it use to apply for federal assistance? During the development process of the action plan, SMART objectives will be developed.
What does the acronym SMART mean? EMAC is a kind of MAA that facilitates the sharing of aid between states in the event of an emergency, including natural or man-made disasters. EMAC was ratified by the U.S. Congress in 1996.3 It is the most common MAA in the United States; EMAC has been adopted by all states, the District of Columbia, and some territories.4 EMAC does not replace federal aid, but acts to supplement federal funds or provide resources if an event does not warrant federal support. EMAC is triggered by a requesting state by an official emergency declaration from the governors and a request for assistance, sent by the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA), the organization that manages EMAC.4, to meet the request and provide the requested resources. Under the EMAC, the requesting state is responsible for the state`s compensation for the costs incurred.5 EMAC also deals with licensing, liability and compensation issues for staff assigned as a result of an EMAC application. Persons who grant aid under the Covenant are considered to be agents of the state requesting for the purpose of non-activity and immunity; No State of support, nor its officers, employees or others, hired by the State through the EMAC, is held responsible for an act or omission in good faith.6 Any intentional misconduct, gross negligence or recklessness are excluded from EMAC immunity.